• unknown (b.)


An Internet Pioneer, he started using one of the original Internet (ARPANET) nodes in 1969. He set up what was probably the first Internet Exchange point, the FIX (Federal Internet Exchange) in College Park, Maryland which interconnected the original federal TCP/IP networks and was extended to form MAE-East. He led the team that wrote the code for the first implementation of TCP/IP for the IBM PC. He also led the team that developed the OSPF reference implementation at the University of Maryland, and he led the team that provided and operated the routers for the first NSFNet backbone. From 1971-1982, he was a lead software engineer at the National Institutes of Health, developing the first e-mail program for the TOPS-10 (PDP-10) operating system. From 1982-1993, he headed academic computing at the University of Maryland. It became the first campus to adopt TCP/IP campus-wide and use it to connect all academic minicomputers and mainframes. In 1985-1989, he was instrumental in bringing the Internet to South America, helping to bring the first BITNET and Internet connections to Brazil in partnership with CNPq, Argentina via the University of Buenos Aires, and Chile and he instructed the first networking workshop for Latin and South America (ESLARED) and several succeeding workshops. From 1993 to 1995, he was a Program Manager at DARPA for operating systems, middleware, and end-system security, and from 1995-1999, he was Chief Technology Officer at Novell, helping to move that company from the proprietary XNS protocol to also embrace TCP/IP. In 1999, he co-founded CenterBeam, a start-up based on remote system management driven by directory services. From 2003-2009, he was the founding Managing Director of the PricewaterhouseCoopers Center for Advanced Research based in San Jose, California. From 2009-2010 he served as president and CEO of National LambdaRail, the high-speed networking platform owned by the U.S. research and education community. He currently serves on the board of the Public Interest Registry, and has previously served on the boards of the Internet Society, BITNET, CACI, First USA Financial Services, Santa Cruz Operation, and NASULGC. He received his B.S. degree in Engineering from Case Institute of Technology in 1971, his M.S. in Computing and Information Sciences from Case Western Reserve University in 1973, and his doctorate in Computer Science from the University of Maryland in 1980.