• 1926 June 29
    (b.) -
    2013 April 27


An American inventor, mechanical engineer, and product and program manager who pioneered development of disk storage systems, he started as a member of the original team that developed the first disk storage system and went on to develop IBM Direct Access Storage products for the next 35 years. Over that time, he was twice Director of the IBM San Jose Storage Laboratories, an IBM Fellow, and a IEEE Fellow. In 1987 he summarized his career in the storage industry by saying: "It isn't often someone gets an opportunity to see an industry get born, or to participate in its beginning, participate in its formative years; and then still be around to see it become a major worldwide industry." Born in 1926 to Ralph and Bertha Harker in San Francisco, California, he was the youngest of four brothers. Growing up the family moved from San Francisco to Seattle to Los Angeles and back to Berkeley. During World War II, after graduating early from Berkeley High and getting a semester in at the University of California Berkeley, he enlisted in the Navy, becoming an Electronics Repair Specialist and serving onboard in both the Atlantic and Pacific. He received his B.A. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Swarthmore in 1950 and his Master?s degree in Mechanical Engineering from University of California Berkeley in 1952. After graduating from Berkeley he was hired in 1952 by Reynold B. Johnson as the eighteenth employee of the new IBM design laboratory in San Jose, California USA. An early project was as a mechanical engineer on the original team developing the IBM 350 RAMAC disk storage unit, the world's first hard disk drive. While at IBM in 1962 he received a Master?s degree in Electrical Engineering from Stanford University. He advanced through a series of positions at IBM to become the IBM San Jose Laboratory Director in 1972. He is best known for his leadership of the 1311 Disk File project, but he considered the 1350/1360 (Cypress) Image Storage System his most challenging assignment; and the creation of the Technology and Advanced Development Group (TAD) in 1969 among his most important accomplishments. He retired from IBM in 1987. After RAMAC his next project was working for Alan Shugart on the IBM 1301. He led development of the first ?self-flying? disk heads. As Air Bearing Development Manager, he led the development effort for self-acting air bearings, which lowered the disk heads and relied on flying them over the surface using the air flow from the disk underneath instead of the pressurized air from an air compressor as used by RAMAC. Hard disk drives today continue to use self-acting air bearings. He led the IBM 1311 project as the Engineering Manager for the first successful removable disk drive and was instrumental in inventing the removable disk pack. From 1960 to 1969 he was first the Engineering Manager and then Program Manager for development and delivery of the IBM 1350 Photo Image Retrieval System / 1360 Photo-Digital Storage System. The IBM 1360 was the first ?trillion-bit" data storage system (about 160 GB). It was developed for the Atomic Energy Commission. From 1969 to 1972 he was Direct Access Storage Product Manager responsible for what was then IBM's most profitable line of business. During the time, work was put into place that led to the ?Winchester? magnetic recording components and thin film recording structures. In 1972, he first became the Director of the San Jose Development Laboratory. During this time as Product Manager and then as Laboratory Director, he oversaw development and release of many important and innovative storage systems such as: 2305 fixed-head and 3330 disk pack drive systems. In addition to integrating the ferite head and slider unit, they were microcodable systems featuring the first use of an innovative new small disk drive using flexible media to load the microcode; this was the first floppy disk, the IBM 23FD; The IBM 3850 Mass Storage System (MSS) (Boulder Labs) automated tape library ? an early automated tape library and tape cartridge system; The IBM 3340 ? ?Winchester? disk drive; and Thin film disk heads. He later held the positions of Director of Technology for IBM; and after that Director of the San Jose Laboratories before his retirement in 1987. In 1974 he was appointed an IBM Fellow, and in 1993 received the first IEEE Reynold B. Johnson Information Storage Systems Award "for leadership in the development of information storage devices". He died in his home in San Mateo, California on the morning of April 27, 2013.
  • Date of Birth:

    1926 June 29
  • Date of Death:

    2013 April 27
  • Noted For:

    Pioneer as part of the original team developing the IBM 350 RAMAC disk storage unit; the world's first hard disk drive
  • Category of Achievement:

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